Open this report in Internet Explorer or in Firefox to verify the result. Step 1 Update the feature file as shown below: Here we update the feature file with 'Scenario Outline' and 'examples' syntax. Step 6 Creating Step Definition script. You can build and run suits of fully automated tests as part of a scheduled build process, or as part of a build pipeline. Let us consider a real-life scenario.
In modern, single-page web applications, multiple pages are returned upfront, with sections being hidden and shown. Each Scenario can be complete using Given, When, Then, And, But. The best thing about such a setup is that it leverages the benefits of all kinds of associated frameworks. . Moving ahead in our free series, we will discuss how to set up a cucumber project and will discuss the integration of Selenium WebDriver with Cucumber.
Since Cucumber is open source tool, which supports behavior driven development, It can be defined as testing framework driven by simple English plain text. For Instance: verify the login is successful, successful page navigation. Here for keywords, we will use Excel files to maintain test cases, and for test data, we can use data, provider offramework. Cucumber interprets the tests into the specified programming language and uses Selenium to drive the test cases in a browser. There can be multiple Scenarios in the Feature file.
For all the further tutorials we would base on the Data Driven Testing Framework. Before; Often people mistaken and import Junit Annotations, so be careful with this. Instead of dividing the application under test into test scripts, we segregate the application into functions or rather common functions can be used by the other parts of the application as well. This system property could then be read by the tests using the code in Listing 16: Listing 16. As you start accumulating tests, however, you might find that this setup consumes too much time.
The Navigation class also delegates tasks to page containers, which we discuss in the next section. Cucumber also benefits the client to understand the application code as it uses Gherkin language which is in Plain Text. In future, the developer decides to change the name from btnlogin to submit. There is a divergent range of Automation Frameworks available nowadays. For example, when a user logs in with invalid credentials, you will probably display an error on the screen. Thus, the user can follow these guidelines while automating application to take advantages of various productive results.
Testing against different browsers So far, we have only run our test cases against a Firefox web browser, which Selenium WebDriver supports out-of-the-box, along with Opera, Safari, and Internet Explorer. However have added the dependencies here. Now you only need to update the browser driver. Login testing for success or failure run Feature: Test Login Scenario Outline: Login Success and Failure Given I navigate to the mock application When I try to login with '' credentials Then I should see that I logged in '' Examples: type status valid successfully invalid unsuccessfully Cucumber reads the feature files in a specified location and runs the tests with the specified tags. Running a test batch RunWith Cucumber.
We found that using Selenium and Cucumber makes the task much easier and results in more maintainable test suites. In this tutorial, we will concentrate on Cucumber with Java as a language. By working together to write these tests—specifying collaboratively—not only do the team members decide what behavior they need to implement next, but they learn how to describe that behavior in a common language that everyone understands Feature: Sign in Sign in to seleniumframework. Each annotation method is defined: Given annotation define method to open firefox and launch the application When annotation define method to enter the username and password Then annotation define method to reset the credential Under each method, we are only printing a message. These are hence called acceptance tests because the stakeholder find them acceptible. Now search the particular jar, i. Running test suites Once you run and deploy your build, you want to run your tests against it.
But here we actually make a good use of it in actual framework. We create a new class called Navigation to drive the tests. Lets address them in brief feature file: Feature file is like normal text file however extension should be as. For instance: Feature files related to smoke test need not run all the time. Our tests are translated into Java code. Step 3 Analyze the output.
It is very easy to refactor the test in to test for success and failure, as shown in Listing 2: Listing 2. Next, we test whether a user can successfully log in. Thus, these guidelines if followed makes the system more beneficial, accessible, scalable and less troubled for the users. Test cases are then placed into feature files that cover one or more test scenarios. Dependencies are just like jar files references.
When you intend to run your script for a smoke test then use SmokeTest. Traditionally, web developers have used extensive regression testing to ensure cross-browser compatibility, but this approach is expensive in terms of both time and resources. Typically, this section contains the actual login implementation for automation. This part is basically kept brief. Line 3 In this line we define the precondition.